TELEOLOGY

telos=goal; logos=word/discourse

 

 

St Augustine (354-430) City of God

 

 

Leopold von Ranke (1795-1886)

“wie es eigentlich gewesen ist”

         

 

Postmodernity

PLURALISM

 

 

Century: centum=100

 

Dionysius Exiguus

753 ab urbe condita

 

 

 

Louis XIV (r. 1643-1715)

“l’état, c’est moi”

 

 

 

 

          Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), Leviathan

 

 

Frederick II (the Great)of Prussia (1712-1786)

                              

 

 

 

 

 

 

Treaties of Utrecht 1713-14

War of Spanish Succession

 

Treaty of Nystad 1721

Great Northern War

 

 

 

Great Britain

          1707 Union with Scotland

France

Prussia

Russia

 

 

  

Peter the Great (1682-1725)

 

Archangelsk

St Petersburg 1703

 

 

 

Catherine the Great (1729-1796; ruled 1762-96)

 

Grigori Alexandrovich Potemkin

 

 

 

 

 

 

          Maria Theresa (1717-1780, ruled from 1740)

 

Pragmatic Sanction of 1713

 

Frederick II “The Great” (Ruled 1740-86)

 

Silesia