Abbé de Sieyés: (1748-1836) “What is the third estate?”
Cahiers des doléances
June 17: National Assembly
June 20: Tennis Court Oath
GREAT FEAR OF JULY 1789
14 July Storming of the Bastille
Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834)
August 23, 1789:
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
1. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions may be founded only upon the general good.
2. The aim of all political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man. These rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression.
3. The principle of all sovereignty resides essentially in the nation. No body nor individual may exercise any authority which does not proceed directly from the nation.
4. Liberty consists in the freedom to do everything which injures no one else; hence the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits except those which assure to the other members of the society the enjoyment of the same rights. These limits can only be determined by law.
5. Law can only prohibit such actions as are hurtful to society. Nothing may be prevented which is not forbidden by law, and no one may be forced to do anything not provided for by law.
6. Law is the expression of the general will. Every citizen has a right to participate personally, or through his representative, in its foundation. It must be the same for all, whether it protects or punishes. All citizens, being equal in the eyes of the law, are equally eligible to all dignities and to all public positions and occupations, according to their abilities, and without distinction except that of their virtues and talents.
9. As all persons are held innocent until they shall have been declared guilty, if arrest shall be deemed indispensable, all harshness not essential to the securing of the prisoner's person shall be severely repressed by law.
(The Avalon Project http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/rightsof.htm)
Olympie de Gouges (1748-1793): Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen
Flight to Varennes: June 1791
September 1791: Legislative Assembly
1790: over 150 clubs
1793: About 6000 clubs
over 500,000 members
Montagnarts “the Mountain”
Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794) Georges-Jacques Danton (1759-1794)
Tuilleries, 10 August 1792
22 September 1792: the First Republic
LOUIS XVI January 21, 1793 Joseph Ignace Guillotin
Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794)
Committee of Public Safety
Anatole France (1844-1924): The Gods Will Have Blood (1912)
Olympie de Gouges (1748-1793)
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794)
THE REPUBLIC OF VIRTUE
Vendée Rebellion 1793
Council of 500
Council of the Ancients
Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821)
1 August 1798: Abú Qír
Horatio Nelson (1758-1805)
Coup of 18 Brumaire 1799 year 8:
November 9 1799
1801 Concordat with
Pius VII (pope 1800-1823)
1806 Confederation of the Rhine
1812 Russian Campaign
1813 near Leipzig: battle of the nations
1815 “hundred days”
June 18, 1815: Waterloo
Code Napoleon / Civil Code 1804
LEARNING and SCIENCE
1799 Rosetta Stone
Ptolemy V Epiphanes (205-180 b.c)
Jean-François Champollion (1790-1832)
1828 Description of Egypt