Flight to Varennes: June 1791

 

September 1791: Legislative Assembly

 

 

 

JACOBINS

“Breton club”

 

                                       1790: over 150 clubs

                                      1793: About 6000 clubs

                                                over 500,000 members

 

                             Girondins Gironde

                             Montagnarts “the Mountain”

 

       

 

Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794)             Georges-Jacques Danton (1759-1794)

 

 

Talleyrand (1754-1838)

 

 

 

 

Tuilleries, 10 August 1792

sans-culottes

 

22 September 1792: the First Republic

 

National Convention

 

 

 

 

LOUIS XVI January 21, 1793                                Joseph Ignace Guillotin

 

 

 

 

 

Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794)

                                                Committee of Public Safety

 

 

 

 

Anatole France (1844-1924): The Gods Will Have Blood (1912)

Danton

 

Olympie de Gouges (1748-1793)

Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794)

Condorcet (1743-1794)

 

 

 

THE REPUBLIC OF VIRTUE

 

 

 

Vendée Rebellion 1793

 

1795 DIRECTORY

 

Directory

 

Council of 500

Council of the Ancients

 

 

 

Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821)

 

 

1 August 1798: Abú Qír bay (Battle of the Nile)

Horatio Nelson (1758-1805)

 

 

Coup of 18 Brumaire 1799 year 8:

November 9 1799

 

 

1801 Concordat with Rome

Pius VII (pope 1800-1823)

 

 

1806 Confederation of the Rhine

 

Italy

 

Trafalgar 1805

 

1812 Russian Campaign

 

1813 near Leipzig: battle of the nations

 

1814 Elba

 

Louis XVIII

 

1815 “hundred days”

June 18, 1815: Waterloo

 

St Helen’s

 

 

 

 

CENTRALIZATION

 

LEGAL REFORM

Code Napoleon / Civil Code 1804

 

                                      LEARNING and SCIENCE

 

 

1799 Rosetta Stone

Ptolemy V Epiphanes (205-180 b.c)

 

Jean-François Champollion (1790-1832)

 

 

1828 Description of Egypt

 

 

Empire Style

 

 

 

 

INTERPRETING THE FRENCH REVOLUTION:

 

1794: National Convention abolished slavery

Olympe de Gouges (1791) Declaration of the Rights of Woman

 

 

 

Interesting website: www.napoleon.org

 

 

 

Edmund Burke Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)

Karl Marx: The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte 1851

Albert Soboul: A Short History of the French Revolution

Francois Furet, Interpreting the French Revolution

Censer, Jack, and Lynn Hunt. Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution

 

Terror, Democracy, and all that:

          Blanning, T. C. W., ed.: The French Revolution: Class War or Culture Clash?

          Hunt, Lynn: The French Revolution and Human Rights; Politics, Culture, and Class in the French Revolution

Crook, Malcolm: Napoleon Comes to Power: Democracy and Dictatorship in Revolutionary France, 1795-1904

         

 

 

 

 

Congress of Vienna 1814-15

 

Talleyrand

                                      Klemens, prince of Metternich (1773-1859)

                  

Conservatism