1. WOULD ANSELM BE ABLE TO ANSWER RUSSELL TO THE LATTER’S SATISFACTION? WHY/WHY NOT?

 

2. DO RUSSELL AND GAUNILO APPROACH THE MATTER IN SIMILAR WAYS? HOW?

 

3. IS THERE SOMETHING FUNDAMENTALLY WRONG WITH ARGUMENTS LIKE ANSELM’S?

 

 

 

 

 

Abbot Suger (1081-1151)

 

                                       Dionysius the Areopagite (1st century)

                                      Saint-Denis of Paris (3rd century)

                                      Pseudo-Dionysius Areopagite (6th century)

 

 

 

 

 

 

CISTERCIAN ORDER

 

Cîteaux (Cistercium)

1098 Robert of Molesme  (1027-1110)

         

St Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-1153)

 

                  

                             Lay brothers

 

MIRACULOUS EXPANSION

         

 

 

 

 

 

 

CARTHUSIAN ORDER

 

Bruno of Cologne (1030-1101)

1084, Chartreuse valley

 

 

 

 

 

 

KNIGHTS OF THE TEMPLE

Around 1120: Hugh de Payen

 

 

 

 

 

1128 St Bernard

                             Soldiers of Christ: milites christi

                            

                             1291: Acre

                   Trials: 1307-1314

                                      Jacques de Molay

 

 

HOSPITALLERS

Knights of Malta