KNIGHTS OF THE TEMPLE

Around 1120: Hugh de Payen

 

 

 

 

 

1128 St Bernard

Soldiers of Christ: milites christi

1291: Acre

Trials: 1307-1314

Jacques de Molay

 

 

HOSPITALLERS

Knights of Malta

 

 

 

 

CANON LAW

ROMAN LAW Corpus juris civilis

 

 

Paschal II (pope 1099-1118)

 

 

Padua, Bologna

 

 

Age of Compendia

 

► Peter Lombard, Sentences or Concordantia

► Gratian (died 1159?) DECRETUM: Concordia discordantium canonum

GLOSS

 

 

LIMITS OF POWER

 

John of Salisbury (1115/20-1180)

 

Policraticus, c. 1159

 

tyrant vs. prince

 

 

heart: senate

sense-organs: judges, governors

officials: hands

peasants: feet

 

tax collectors: guts/intestines.

 

sword of power

 

 

 

 

 

 

ENGLAND: ANGEVIN EMPIRE

 

Stephen (r. 1135-1154)

Matilda (1102-1167)

Henry V (1114-1125)

Geoffrey Plantagenet

 

Henry II (king 1154-1189)

Eleanor of Aquitaine: (1122-1204)

Louis VII (1137-1152)

 

JURY

Common Law

 

Thomas Becket (1118-1170)

Rebellion 1173-74

 

 

RICHARD I (1189-1199)