Amour courtois

 

Chrétien de Troyes (fl. 1165-80)

 

Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204)

 

          Marie of Champagne

          Troyes

 

          troubadour

          minnesinger

 

 

1. art / science

2. submission

3. moral improvement

4. secretive

 

OVID (Publius Ovidius Naso 43 B.C. – 17 A.D.)

 

                    Metamorphoses

Ars amatoria (Art of love)

Remedia amoris (Remedies for love)

         

Andreas Capellanus De amore (written. c. 1180-90)

 

 

 

“If I am to speak the truth, there never was, except for the majesty of God, anything as blessed as woman and her kind. This honor God has granted her, that she is to be regarded as the highest good on earth and always praised.”

 

 

 

          Caritas                                     Cupiditas

                  

Blind/Bad Love

True/Good Love

 

 

“What good was it that he lay with me like a fool? I never became his woman!”

 

 

 

 

 

          “On account of a lady honor increases, and on account of a wife man loses worthiness; one is praised for adoring a lady and mocked for adoring a wife.”

 

 

 

 

 

KING ARTHUR AND THE GRAIL

 

 

 

 

 

Bretagne / Brittany

         

Geoffrey of Monmouth History of the Kings of Britain  (1135-39)

 

          cornucopia

 

                   Wolfram von Eschenbach (1170-1220) Parzival