St Francis of Assisi (1181/82-1226)

Giovanni Bernardone



Giotto di Bondone (1266/76–1337)




1210 Ordo fratrum minorum O.F.M.

1212 Poor Clares: St. Clare of Assisi (1194-1253)






“My brothers the birds, you should love your creator deeply and praise him always. He has given you feathers to wear, wings to fly with, and what ever else you need. He has made you noble among his creatures and given you a dwelling in the pure air. You neither sow nor reap, yet he nevertheless protects and governs you without any anxiety on your part.”


Rejoicing, the blessed father went off with his companions, giving thanks to God whom all creatures worship. Since he had now been made simple by grace and not by nature, he began to accuse himself of negligence for not having preached to the birds before, since they listened to the word of God with such reverence. And thus it came about that, from that day on, he exhorted all birds, all animals, all reptiles, and even nonexistent creatures to praise and love the creator, for every day, when the name of the savior was announced, he himself saw their obedience.







1228 Canonized


St. Bonaventure (1217-1274)





St Dominic (c. 1170-1221; canonized 1234)

Domingo de Guzmán


                                                          Ordo praedicatorum: order of preachers (O.P.)






          St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)







Adrea of Florence (1337-1377)







JOACHIM de Fiore (c.1130/35-1202)


Age of the Father

Age of the Son

Age of the Holy Spirit




SPIRITUAL FRANCISCANS. / Fraticelli (Little Brothers)


Matt. 10: “‘The kingdom is at hand!’…Take no gold, nor silver, nor money in your belts, no bag for your journey . . .”




INNOCENT III (1198-1216)

          Coelestis imperator





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