Dionysius Exiguus (5th century)

 

Augustus Caesar (Octavian) 27 B.C.-14 A.D.

 

Virgil (70-19 B.C.)

                                                          Aeneid

                                                          Eclogues (Bucolica / boukolos)

                  

“mare nostrum”    

 

 

 

 

 

The five “good emperors”

          Nerva

          Trajan

          Hadrian

          Antoninus Pius

          Marcus Aurelius (161-180)

                  

Commodus (180-192)

 

BARRACK EMPERORS

 

Diocletian (ruled 284-305)

           

                                                                    TETRARCHY

                                                                             - 2 augusti

- 2 caesars

 

DOMINUS ET DEUS

 

 

 

 

Constantinople (Byzantion)

 

Galerius: Edict of Toleration

          Constantine: 313 Edict of Milan

 

                   Eusebius of Caesarea (c.260-339) Life of Constantine

                   touto nika = in hoc signo vinces

 

 

council of Nicea 325

 

Theodosius 392

         

                    pagus

                    paganus

 

 

 

Edward Gibbon (1737-1794): History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.

 

RELIGIONS OF ROME

Official Roman Religion

do ut des

 

Mithraism

 

Isis

         

Stoicism

                   “stoa poikile”