Monophysites

          physis

 

          Nestorius: bishop of Constantinople, died 451

 

Theotokos

 

 

431 Council of Ephesus

451 Council of Chalcedon

 

 

caesaropapism

 

PENTARCHY

                                                ROME

                                                 CONSTANTINOPLE

ALEXANDRIA

ANTIOCH

JERUSALEM

 

 “primus inter pares”

         

 

342-43 : Council of Sardica (Sofia

 

 

LEO I (the Great) (440-461)

         

          Matt. 16: 18

 

Origen (c. 185-c. 254)

 

 

569 Lombards in Italy

753 Pippin III

 

         

 

          monachos

                  

anchorite

 

hermit

 

 

Luke 17:22:  “There is still one thing you lack. Sell everything you own and distribute the money to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; then come, follow me.”

 

 

 

                   Memory and Prayer: 1 Thessalonians 5: 17: “Always be joyful, pray unceasingly, and for all things give thanks; this is the will of God for you in Christ Jesus.”

 

 

St. Anthony (c.251-c.356)

 

Nitria, Scetis

 

 

 

 

& Sayings of the Desert Fathers

& Life of Anthony by St. Athanasius (c. 356)

& John Cassian’s Conferences (c. 360-432)

 

 

          laura / lavra  (Mount Athos: 9th-10th century)

 

 

 

 

 

                             St. Pachomius (c.290-346)

cenobitic: koinos bios

                                      Tabenisi

          Nag Hammadi

 

Shenute (c. 360-c.450)

                                       Atripe in Upper Egypt:

         

                             St. Simeon Stylites (c. 390-459)

                                      stylos

 

 

         

St. Basil the Great (329-379)

                    Longer Rules, Shorter Rules.

 

 

St Benedict of Nursia (480-547)

 

ORA ET LABORA

         

gyrovagues

 

 

John Cassian: (c.360-432)

         

Institutes of the Cenobites:

                    Conferences / Collationes/Conlationes

                  

 

 

St Patrick (ca. 390-461)

                  

brithem/ pl. brithemin)

          tuath

                  

                  

asceticism

tariffed penance

peregrini

 

 

Columba / Columcille (521-597)

          Iona

 

Columbanus: / Columban (543-615)

          Luxeuil

          Bobbio