SIMONY

          Acts 8: 9-25: Simon Magus

 

“When Simon saw that the Spirit was given through the laying on of the apostles’ hands, he offered them money, with the words, ‘Give me the same power so that anyone I lay my hands on will receive the Holy Spirit.” Peter answered, “May your silver be lost for ever, and you with it, for thinking that money could buy what God has given for nothing! ...”

 

 

CLERICAL MARRIAGE

Nicolaitism

Revelations 2:6

 

 

          Nicaea: 325

Elvira: early 4th century:

                  

          Peter Damian (1007-1072)

 

 

 

CLUNY 909

          Burgundy

William of Aquitaine

 

          Ora et Labora                                                                Gorze-Fruttuaria

                                                                                                Hirsau

                                                                                                St. Dunstan

                  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bruno, bishop of Toul: LEO IX (1048-54)

 

Humbert of Silva Candida (1000-1061)

 

Henry III (emp. 1046-56)

 

 

 

 

CARDINALS

         

                   Hagia Sophia, 1045

 

 

 

 

GREGORIAN REFORM

Hildebrand > Gregory VII (1073-85)

         

                                                Papal legates

         

 

 

1075: Dictatus papae

 

INVESTITURE

 

1076: Council of Worms